The deformation of the fluid column by an action of a low-frequency vibration is considered. It is shown that behavior of the free fluid surface depends on the frequency of applied vibration and its amplitude. In the area of very low frequencies when fluid has time to comment on travel of bounding solid walls limiting column, the harmonical oscillations of free surface with given frequency are observed. With increase of vibration frequency the steady-state relief on free fluid surface is formed. If the amplitude of vibration is very small and the frequency corresponding to the first peak in the vibration spectrum on the Mir orbital station, the deformation of free surface tends to zero. Fluid flow induced thermocapillary effect on deformed free surface is more unstable as in the case of smooth cylindrical surface. It was shown that width of heating zone affects very essentially the flow pattern and transition to oscillatory regime of thermocapillary convection.